A Nuclear Medicine Specialist employs molecular tracers, often tagged with radioactive atoms, for both diagnostic and therapeutic purposes.

These radioactive tracers are primarily utilised to generate images that reveal detailed information about both organ and cellular functions at the molecular level, a process known as molecular imaging. This technique is enhanced by integrating anatomical imaging, using advanced specialised cameras to merge molecular data with structural insights. Key diagnostic applications in Nuclear Medicine include the early detection of coronary artery disease, the diagnosis and staging of cancer, and monitoring the efficacy of cancer treatments.

By combining molecular with anatomical imaging, the accuracy of diagnoses significantly improves, potentially altering patient treatment plans.

Furthermore, this specialty uses radioactive substances to treat various conditions, including thyroid disorders and different types of cancer, showcasing the vital role of Nuclear Medicine in both diagnosing and treating a wide range of health issues.

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