On 31 December 2019, the World Health Organization (WHO) reported a cluster of pneumonia cases in Wuhan, Hubei province, China. The number of cases globally has continued to increase with the WHO declaring the outbreak a pandemic on 11 March 2020.
Coronavirus Disease or COVID-19 is caused by a Coronavirus, called SARS-CoV-2. Corona viruses are responsible for the common cold, and usually cause self-limited upper respiratory tract infections.
Limiting the spread of Coronavirus infection and transmission requires the collective effort of everyone in a community; scroll down for further information and useful downloads relating to COVID-19.
Nationwide Coronavirus statistics for South Africa
|Tests Conducted||19 761 834|
|Positive Cases||3 031 694|
|Total Recoveries||2 858 144|
|Total Deaths||89 966|
Nationwide Coronavirus statistics for Namibia
|Tests Conducted||799 972|
|Positive Cases||129 796|
|Total Recoveries||125 531|
|Total Deaths||3 574|
COVID-19 Online Assessments
Frequently asked questions about the Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19)
COVID-19 is the abbreviation for Coronavirus disease and is a disease or illness caused by the virus SARS-CoV-2, one of many in the family of coronaviruses.
Other viruses in the family of Coronaviruses are responsible for causing the common cold or other respiratory infections. It is important to note that the Coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 is a new or novel strain of the virus and as such the effects of the infection on the population have been more widespread.
Most people who get this disease will have very mild symptoms, like having a cold.
People who develop COVID-19 generally have the following symptoms:
• Sore throat
• Muscle aches
In the minority of cases an individual may develop severe symptoms such as difficulty breathing or shortness of breath, persistent pain or pressure in the chest, difficulty rousing amongst others. If this happens, it is imperative that medical attention is sought and that you go to the hospital.
Person to person contact is the main way the virus spreads. This is either through close contact or by the spread of droplets when someone who has the virus coughs or sneezes on you. Generally if you are more than 2 meters away, the droplets won’t reach you, and should not be able to infect you.
However, those droplets can land on surfaces, such as tables, door handles, or any other surface. The virus can survive on the surface for a long time (currently estimated to be between 7-9 days if not cleaned adequately and depending on the type of surface).
If you touch that contaminated surface with the virus and then touch your face, especially your eyes, mouth or nose, you could become infected.
As noted by the CDC, the coronavirus has a window period, which means that after catching the virus there will be a short period where you can still be infected but not show any symptoms.
Diagnosis is made by analysing a respiratory sample that is collected by testing a swab that is inserted into the nose and throat. The South African NICD and private laboratories have the capability to perform this test.
There are certain indications for testing which relate to the clinical symptoms that have developed and certain circumstantial risks. If you are concerned, do the Mediclinic screening assessment.
Additional blood specimens might also be tested, as well as sputum.
The test takes about 24 – 48 hours to process. Your treating doctor will inform you about the results.
Risk of infection and transmission can be reduced by:
- Reducing personal contact (e.g. by no longer shaking hands).
- Cleaning your hands before touching your eyes, nose or mouth.
- Properly cleaning your hands after coughing or sneezing.
- Avoid using handkerchiefs and rather use a tissue and discard it.
Yes, you do need to wear a cloth mask when in public and also when you visit a healthcare facility.
Symptomatic treatment may be given, for example to reduce fever, muscle aches and sore throats.
If symptoms are severe (e.g. if an individual requires oxygen due to difficulties breathing) treatment should not be managed at home and will need to take place in hospital.
Antibiotics are used to treat bacterial infections and should not be used to treat a viral illness like COVID-19. Antibiotics would only be necessary if there were a secondary bacterial infection present.
If your symptoms are mild, you can stay at home and manage your symptoms – focusing specifically on getting plenty of rest, and staying hydrated. Currently the recommended period of time to stay at home is 10 days after the onset of your symptoms provided you have been symptom free for 72 hours (3 days). Ensure you practise good hand hygiene at home, as well as cleaning any touched surfaces frequently as the virus could survive on them for a number of days.
If you have symptoms of Covid, you should be tested if possible. Complete the Mediclinic screening assessment to review if you are a candidate. This screening is in keeping with national guidelines for testing.
The following categories of people should be tested in both the public and private health sectors
- Hospitalised patients
a. Symptomatic patients must be prioritised, and test results should be received within 24 hrs
b. All other patients should be tested on admission
- Any person with symptoms where COVID-19 infection is considered to be a possible cause
a. Persons at high-risk for infection or poor outcomes, eg. health care workers, those older than 60 years, those with comorbidities, pregnant women, should be prioritised.
- Individuals who are close contacts of confirmed cases, including asymptomatic contacts. Whilst a close contact is generally defined as contact with one metre of a COVID-19 confirmed cases for more than 15 minutes without PPE (no face cover/eye cover), alternative definitions should be used in some high-risk settings (eg: clusters/outbreaks).
- The following individuals or groups should not be tested (unless they fall into one of the priority groups):
- Asymptomatic people including employees/learners for purposes of returning to work/school
- Selected groups eg. sportspersons
- Patients meeting de-isolation criteria as per National Department of Health clinical guidelines should not be tested
If you have been in contact with somebody with COVID-19:
- Stay at home and monitor yourself for onset of symptoms – do not go into public.
- Practise good cough etiquette when coughing or sneezing.
- Clean your hands after coughing or sneezing.
- If you develop symptoms, you should be tested if possible.
- If you do develop symptoms, you must self-isolate for an additional 14 days after the onset of symptoms.
If you feel short of breath, or have difficulty breathing, go to the nearest hospital.
Yes. Mediclinic has standardised processes in place, which have been enhanced in the pandemic, to deal with the developing local and international COVID-19 circumstance.
Due to the evolving nature of the COVID-19 pandemic Mediclinic will continue to review the visiting policy for our hospitals and make adjustments as we believe is best for the safety of our patients, staff and doctors. Please contact your local hospital to understand their current visiting hour arrangements. For more information on visiting hours, please click here.
What can be done to protect yourself
Hand hygiene steps
Expert mask advice from Dr Darren Green